Dorothy Parker

Dorothy Parker (1893 - 1967)

Dorothy Parker was one of the most successful and influential women writers of her era. Dorothy Rothschild was born on August 22, 1893 in West End, N.J. Her mother was Scottish and her father Jewish. She was “a late unexpected arrival in a loveless family”. At the age of four her mother died. Her father remarried and Dorothy’s home life was strained and distant at best. She was educated in private schools in N.J. and N.Y.C. Dorothy suffered two tragedies as a young woman. Her brother Henry died aboard the Titanic and a year later her father passed away.

Dorothy moved to New York City in 1911 where she lived in a boarding house and worked as a piano player at a dance school. At the age of 21 she began submitting her writing to various magazines and papers. Her poem “Any Porch” was accepted and published by Vanity Fair. A few months later she was hired by Vogue, a sister publication of Vanity Fair. While working at Vogue her submissions to Vanity Fair continued to be published. After two years of working at Vogue she was transferred to Vanity Fair.

In 1917 she married Edwin Parker, a stock broker. The marriage only lasted a brief time, but now she was Mrs. Dorothy Parker. At Vanity Fair she became New York’s only female drama critic at the time. In the spring of 1919 she was invited to the Algonquin Hotel because of her connections at Vanity Fair and her reputation as a drama critic. This was the beginning of the famous Algonquin Round Table, an renowned intellectual literary circle.Dorothy was the only female founding member. It brought together such writers as Robert Benchley, Robert Sherwood, James Thurber, George Kaufman and many others. Dorothy was still writing for Vanity Fair but her reviews were becoming increasingly sarcastic and unfavorable. She was fired from the magazine in 1921. To earn money she began writing subtitles for a movie by D.W. Griffith.

Dorothy soon found another job at the magazine Ainslee’s where she could be as sarcastic, bitchy, and witty as she pleased. In 1922 she wrote her first short story – “Such a PrettyLittle Picture” – this was the beginning of her literary career. In January of 1924 Dorothy divorced and moved into the Algonquin Hotel. She began writing plays; “Close Harmony” was her first. The first issue of The New Yorker was published in early 1925 and Dorothy contributed drama reviews and poetry for the first few issues.

In February of 1926 she set off for Paris, but continued contributing articles to the New Yorker and Life. While in France she befriended Earnest Hemingway; surprisingly, considering his male chauvinist attitudes. Dorothy returned to New York in November. Her first book of poetry, “Enough Rope”, was published and received favorable reviews as well ad being a commercial success. In 1927 she became very involved in the Sacco and Vanzetti trial. She traveled to Boston to join the protests against the execution of two innocent men. During the protest she was arrested but refused to travel in the paddy wagon, insisting on walking to jail. She was a committed socialist from this day until her death.

In October of 1927 Dorothy became the book reviewer for the The New Yorker Magazine, under the title “The Constant Reader”. In February of 1929 Dorothy’s short story “The Big Blonde” was published and she won the prestigious O. Henry award for the best short story of the year. That same year Dorothy began doing screen writing in Hollywood. She moved to Hollywood because she needed the money and was offered a contract by MGM. Dorothy wrote many screenplays over the next decade. In 1933 she once again traveled to Europe where she met her second husband Alan Campbell. He was also of Scottish-Jewish descent, and a rumored bisexual. They became screen writing partners and signed a contract with Paramount Pictures in 1935. In 1936 she helped found the Anti Nazi League. In 1937 Dorothy won an academy award for her joint screenplay of “A Star is Born”.

Throughout the 1940’s Dorothy continued writing prose and short stories along with screenplays. She was widely published in many magazines and Viking released an anthology of her short stories and prose. In 1949 she divorced Alan Campbell, but later they remarried.

In the 1950’s she was called before the House on un-American Activities and pleaded the first instead of the fifth, still refusing to name any names. In 1952-1953 testimony was given against her before the HUAC. From 1957-1963 she worked as a book reviewer for Esquire magazine. In 1959 she was inducted into American Academy of Arts and Letters. She was a distinguished Visiting Professor of English at California State College in L.A. In 1964 she published her final magazine piece in November’s issue of Esquire.

On June 7, 1967, she was found dead of a heart attack in her room at Hotel Volney in New York City. She bequeathed her entire literary estate to the NAACP.

Poems By Dorothy Parker

Death and Taxes

1. Prayer for a Prayer (8 Comments »)
2. After Spanish Proverb (3 Comments »)
3. The Danger of Writing Defiant Verse (8 Comments »)
4. Distance (3 Comments »)
5. Sanctuary (2 Comments »)
6. The Evening Primrose (No Comments »)
7. The Flaw in Paganism (4 Comments »)
8. Salome’s Dancing-Lesson (No Comments »)
9. Cherry White (2 Comments »)
10. My Own (2 Comments »)
11. Solace (27 Comments »)
12. Little Words (No Comments »)
13. Tombstones in the Starlight (No Comments »)
14. Garden-Spot (No Comments »)
15. Ornithology for Beginners (No Comments »)
16. Vers Demode (No Comments »)
17. The Little Old Lady in Lavender Silk (No Comments »)
18. Sonnet for the End of a Sequence (No Comments »)
19. The Apple Tree (No Comments »)
20. Iseult of Brittany (No Comments »)
21. “Star Light, Star Bright-“ (No Comments »)
22. The Sea (3 Comments »)
23. Guinevere at Her Fireside (No Comments »)
24. Transition (No Comments »)
25. Lines on Reading Too Many Poets (1 Comment »)
26. From a Letter from Lesbia (No Comments »)
27. Purposely Ungrammatical Love Song (3 Comments »)
28. Ballade of Unfortunate Mammals (1 Comment »)
29. Sweet Violets (2 Comments »)
30. Prayer for a New Mother (1 Comment »)
31. Midnight (2 Comments »)
32. Ninon de Lenclos, on Her Last Birthday (No Comments »)
33. Ultimatum (1 Comment »)
34. The Willow (No Comments »)
35. Summary (3 Comments »)
36. Of a Woman, Dead Young (No Comments »)
37. Sonnet on an Alpine Night (1 Comment »)
38. Requiescat (No Comments »)
39. Ballade of a Talked-off Ear (No Comments »)
40. Prologue to a Saga (No Comments »)
41. Sight (No Comments »)
42. Prisoner (No Comments »)
43. The Lady’s Reward (2 Comments »)
44. Temps Perdu (1 Comment »)
45. Autumn Valentine (1 Comment »)

Enough Rope

1. Threnody (1 Comment »)
2. The Small Hours (No Comments »)
3. The False Friends (16 Comments »)
4. The Trifler (No Comments »)
5. A Very Short Song (4 Comments »)
6. A Well-Worn Story (No Comments »)
7. Convalescent (No Comments »)
8. The Dark Girl’s Rhyme (4 Comments »)
9. Epitaph (3 Comments »)
10. Light of Love (4 Comments »)
11. Wail (No Comments »)
12. The Satin Dress (3 Comments »)
13. Somebody’s Song (1 Comment »)
14. Braggart (No Comments »)
15. Epitaph for a Darling Lady (No Comments »)
16. To a Much Too Unfortunate Lady (No Comments »)
17. Paths (No Comments »)
18. Hearthside (No Comments »)
19. Rainy Night (1 Comment »)
20. The New Love (No Comments »)
21. Anecdote (No Comments »)
22. For a Sad Lady (No Comments »)
23. Recurrence (No Comments »)
24. Story of Mrs. W- (No Comments »)
25. The Dramatists (No Comments »)
26. August (No Comments »)
27. The White Lady (No Comments »)
28. I Know I Have Been Happiest (No Comments »)
29. Testament (No Comments »)
30. I Shall Come Back (1 Comment »)
31. Condolence (1 Comment »)
32. The Immortals (No Comments »)
33. A Portrait (No Comments »)
34. Portrait of the Artist (1 Comment »)
35. Chant for Dark Hours (1 Comment »)
36. Unfortunate Coincidence (2 Comments »)
37. Comment (1 Comment »)
38. Inventory (1 Comment »)
39. Now at Liberty (No Comments »)
40. Plea (No Comments »)
41. Pattern (No Comments »)
42. De Profundis (No Comments »)
43. Resume (27 Comments »)
44. They Part (No Comments »)
45. Ballade of a Great Weariness (No Comments »)
46. Renunciation (No Comments »)
47. The Veteran (5 Comments »)
48. Verse for a Certain Dog (1 Comment »)
49. Prophetic Soul (No Comments »)
50. Godspeed (No Comments »)
51. Song of Perfect Propriety (No Comments »)
52. Social Note (No Comments »)
53. One Perfect Rose (22 Comments »)
54. Ballade at Thirty-Five (No Comments »)
55. The Thin Edge (No Comments »)
56. Love Song (3 Comments »)
57. Indian Summer (2 Comments »)
58. Philosophy (2 Comments »)
59. For an Unknown Lady (No Comments »)
60. The Leal (2 Comments »)
61. Words of Comfort to Be Scratched on a Mirror (No Comments »)
62. Faute de Mieux (2 Comments »)
63. Men (4 Comments »)
64. News Item (No Comments »)
65. Song of One of the Girls (No Comments »)
66. Lullaby (1 Comment »)
67. Roundel (No Comments »)
68. A Certain Lady (No Comments »)
69. Observation (1 Comment »)
70. Symptom Recital (1 Comment »)
71. Rondeau Redouble (1 Comment »)
72. Fighting Words (No Comments »)
73. Autobiography (No Comments »)
74. The Choice (6 Comments »)
75. General Review of the Sex Situation (12 Comments »)
76. Pictures in the Smoke (No Comments »)
77. Inscription for the Ceiling of a Bedroom (2 Comments »)
78. Nocturne (No Comments »)
79. Interview (No Comments »)
80. Experience (No Comments »)
81. Neither Bloody nor Bowed (No Comments »)
82. The Burned Child (No Comments »)

Sunset Gun

1. Godmother (No Comments »)
2. The Red Dress (3 Comments »)
3. Victoria (No Comments »)
4. To Newcastle (No Comments »)
5. Parable for a Certain Virgin (1 Comment »)
6. Bric-a-Brac (No Comments »)
7. Interior (No Comments »)
8. Reuben’s Children (No Comments »)
9. On Cheating the Fiddler (No Comments »)
10. There Was One (No Comments »)
11. Incurable (No Comments »)
12. The Second Oldest Story (No Comments »)
13. Partial Comfort (1 Comment »)
14. Fable (No Comments »)
15. A Pig’s-Eye View of Literature (No Comments »)
16. Oscar Wilde (No Comments »)
17. Harriet Beecher Stowe (No Comments »)
18. D. G. Rossetti (No Comments »)
19. Thomas Carlyle (No Comments »)
20. Charles Dickens (No Comments »)
21. Alexandre Dumas and His Son (No Comments »)
22. Alfred, Lord Tennyson (2 Comments »)
23. George Gissing (No Comments »)
24. Walter Savage Landor (No Comments »)
25. George Sand (No Comments »)
26. Mortal Enemy (2 Comments »)
27. Penelope (5 Comments »)
28. Bohemia (No Comments »)
29. The Searched Soul (1 Comment »)
30. The Trusting Heart (3 Comments »)
31. The Gentlest Lady (No Comments »)
32. The Maid-Servant at the Inn (No Comments »)
33. Fulfillment (No Comments »)
34. Daylight Saving (1 Comment »)
35. Thought for a Sunshiny Morning (No Comments »)
36. Surprise (No Comments »)
37. On Being a Woman (4 Comments »)
38. Afternoon (No Comments »)
39. A Dream Lies Dead (No Comments »)
40. The Homebody (No Comments »)
41. Second Love (No Comments »)
42. Fair Weather (No Comments »)
43. The Whistling Girl (1 Comment »)
44. Story (No Comments »)
45. Frustration (5 Comments »)
46. Healed (1 Comment »)
47. Post-Graduate (1 Comment »)
48. Landscape (1 Comment »)
49. For a Favorite Granddaughter (No Comments »)
50. Liebestod (No Comments »)
51. Dilemma (No Comments »)
52. Theory (No Comments »)
53. Superfluous Advice (No Comments »)
54. A Fairly Sad Tale (No Comments »)
55. The Last Question (4 Comments »)
56. But Not Forgotten (2 Comments »)
57. Pour Prendre Conge (No Comments »)
58. For a Lady Who Must Write Verse (No Comments »)
59. Two-Volume Novel (1 Comment »)
60. Rhyme Against Living (2 Comments »)
61. Wisdom (4 Comments »)
62. Coda (5 Comments »)
Analysis, meaning and summary of Dorothy Parker's poem Coda

5 Comments

  1. Divya says:

    Amazing stuff! This seems to sum up life as we know it! Mundane and vapid for the most part – but is it really that difficult to make choices more interesting? Definite food for thought…

  2. Lena says:

    I’m fascinated by this poem, even though English isn’t even my mothertongue. I love it.

  3. Kim says:

    I really enjoyed this poem. I first heard of it on the American popular television show “Gilmore Girls” when Rory went to a dance with her boyfriend Dean and he found the book in her purse. I think Dorothy must have had a bad life and wanted to end it badly. I have seen this reaction in many of her poems. She has one entitled Epitaph that might be of interest to anyone that read this poem.

  4. jacinta says:

    This poem i find beautifully nostalgic, despite it’s depressing outlook on life. Dorothy is saying theres not much substance in giving,taking, water and wine and that life, or her life, she never chose. She speaks of the struggle to make it to the top, which gives little reward in itself, and perhaps referrs to the trials life poses. She speaks of love being a constant dissapointment and work something for animals – monotonous. That no respite is given and she is thinking of giving up the challenge of living her life. The last line may be sarcasm; ‘this life is so hard/tedious/unrewarding that if it’s not hell, id like to see anything worse.’

  5. Michelle says:

    This poem is interesting. I think ilike dorothy parker. I am in the 11th grade and i am doing my Junior research project on Dorothy Parker because she is just like me: Sarcastic, Bitchy, and has had her heart broken one too many times.

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