T.S. Eliot (1888 - 1965)

Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri, of an old New England family. He was educated at Harvard and did graduate work in philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and Merton College, Oxford. He settled in England, where he was for a time a schoolmaster and a bank clerk, and eventually literary editor for the publishing house Faber & Faber, of which he later became a director. He founded and, during the seventeen years of its publication (1922-1939), edited the exclusive and influential literary journal Criterion. In 1927, Eliot became a British citizen and about the same time entered the Anglican Church.

Eliot has been one of the most daring innovators of twentieth-century poetry. Never compromising either with the public or indeed with language itself, he has followed his belief that poetry should aim at a representation of the complexities of modern civilization in language and that such representation necessarily leads to difficult poetry. Despite this difficulty his influence on modern poetic diction has been immense. Eliot’s poetry from Prufrock (1917) to the Four Quartets (1943) reflects the development of a Christian writer: the early work, especially The Waste Land (1922), is essentially negative, the expression of that horror from which the search for a higher world arises.

In Ash Wednesday (1930) and the Four Quartets this higher world becomes more visible; nonetheless Eliot has always taken care not to become a “religious poet”. He often belittled the power of poetry as a religious force. However, his dramas Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Family Reunion (1939) are more openly Christian apologies. In his essays, especially the later ones, Eliot advocates a traditionalism in religion, society, and literature that seems at odds with his pioneer activity as a poet. But although the Eliot of Notes towards the Definition of Culture (1948) is an older man than the poet of The Waste Land, it should not be forgotten that for Eliot tradition is a living organism comprising past and present in constant mutual interaction. Eliot’s plays Murder in the Cathedral (1935), The Family Reunion (1939), The Cocktail Party (1949), The Confidential Clerk (1954), and TheElderStatesman(1959) were published in one volume in 1962; Collected Poems 1909-62 appeared in 1963.

Poems By T.S. Eliot


Ash Wednesday (25 Comments »)

Four Quartets

. Four Quartets 1: Burnt Norton (2 Comments »)
. Four Quartets 2: East Coker (No Comments »)
. Four Quartets 3: The Dry Salvages (No Comments »)
. Four Quartets 4: Little Gidding (4 Comments »)

Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats

. Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town (No Comments »)
. Growltiger’s Last Stand (No Comments »)
. Gus: The Theatre Cat (3 Comments »)
. Macavity: The Mystery Cat (29 Comments »)
. Mr. Mistoffelees (9 Comments »)
. Mungojerrie And Rumpelteazer (5 Comments »)
. Old Deuteronomy (1 Comment »)
. Skimbleshanks: The Railway Cat (5 Comments »)
. The Ad-Dressing Of Cats (6 Comments »)
. The Naming Of Cats (21 Comments »)
. The Old Gumbie Cat (3 Comments »)
. The Rum Tum Tugger (5 Comments »)
. The Song Of The Jellicles (3 Comments »)


1. Gerontion (21 Comments »)
2. Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar (1 Comment »)
3. Sweeney Erect (3 Comments »)
4. A Cooking Egg (No Comments »)
5. Le Directeur (No Comments »)
7. Lune de Miel (No Comments »)
8. The Hippopotamus (16 Comments »)
9. Dans le Restaurant (No Comments »)
10. Whispers of Immortality (10 Comments »)
11. Mr. Eliot’s Sunday Morning Service (No Comments »)
12. Sweeney among the Nightingales (6 Comments »)

Prufrock and Other Observations

1. The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (49 Comments »)
2. Portrait of a Lady (5 Comments »)
3. Preludes (31 Comments »)
4. Rhapsody on a Windy Night (3 Comments »)
5. Morning at the Window (6 Comments »)
6. The Boston Evening Transcript (1 Comment »)
7. Aunt Helen (2 Comments »)
8. Cousin Nancy (1 Comment »)
9. Mr. Apollinax (No Comments »)
10. Hysteria (2 Comments »)
11. Conversation Galante (No Comments »)
12. La Figlia che Piange (5 Comments »)

The Faber Book of Modern Verse

. Journey Of The Magi (33 Comments »)

The Hollow Men

. The Hollow Men (59 Comments »)

The Waste Land

. The Waste Land (7 Comments »)