I SING the Body electric;
The armies of those I love engirth me, and I engirth them;
They will not let me off till I go with them, respond to them,
And discorrupt them, and charge them full with the charge of the Soul.

Was it doubted that those who corrupt their own bodies conceal themselves;
And if those who defile the living are as bad as they who defile the dead?
And if the body does not do as much as the Soul?
And if the body were not the Soul, what is the Soul?

The love of the Body of man or woman balks account-the body itself balks account;
That of the male is perfect, and that of the female is perfect.

The expression of the face balks account;
But the expression of a well-made man appears not only in his face;
It is in his limbs and joints also, it is curiously in the joints of his hips and wrists;

It is in his walk, the carriage of his neck, the flex of his waist and knees-dress does
not hide him;
The strong, sweet, supple quality he has, strikes through the cotton and flannel;
To see him pass conveys as much as the best poem, perhaps more;
You linger to see his back, and the back of his neck and shoulder-side.

The sprawl and fulness of babes, the bosoms and heads of women, the folds of their dress,
their style as we pass in the street, the contour of their shape downwards,
The swimmer naked in the swimming-bath, seen as he swims through the transparent
green-shine, or lies with his face up, and rolls silently to and fro in the heave of the
The bending forward and backward of rowers in row-boats-the horseman in his saddle,
Girls, mothers, house-keepers, in all their performances,
The group of laborers seated at noon-time with their open dinner-kettles, and their wives
The female soothing a child-the farmer’s daughter in the garden or cow-yard,
The young fellow hoeing corn-the sleigh-driver guiding his six horses through the crowd,

The wrestle of wrestlers, two apprentice-boys, quite grown, lusty, good-natured,
native-born, out on the vacant lot at sundown, after work,
The coats and caps thrown down, the embrace of love and resistance,
The upper-hold and the under-hold, the hair rumpled over and blinding the eyes;
The march of firemen in their own costumes, the play of masculine muscle through
clean-setting trowsers and waist-straps,
The slow return from the fire, the pause when the bell strikes suddenly again, and the
listening on the alert,
The natural, perfect, varied attitudes-the bent head, the curv’d neck, and the
Such-like I love-I loosen myself, pass freely, am at the mother’s breast with the
little child,
Swim with the swimmers, wrestle with wrestlers, march in line with the firemen, and pause,
listen, and count.

I know a man, a common farmer-the father of five sons;
And in them were the fathers of sons-and in them were the fathers of sons.

This man was of wonderful vigor, calmness, beauty of person;
The shape of his head, the pale yellow and white of his hair and beard, and the
immeasurable meaning of his black eyes-the richness and breadth of his manners,
These I used to go and visit him to see-he was wise also;
He was six feet tall, he was over eighty years old-his sons were massive, clean,
bearded, tan-faced, handsome;
They and his daughters loved him-all who saw him loved him;
They did not love him by allowance-they loved him with personal love;
He drank water only-the blood show’d like scarlet through the clear-brown skin of his
He was a frequent gunner and fisher-he sail’d his boat himself-he had a fine one
presented to him by a ship-joiner-he had fowling-pieces, presented to him by men that
loved him;
When he went with his five sons and many grand-sons to hunt or fish, you would pick him
out as the most beautiful and vigorous of the gang.

You would wish long and long to be with him-you would wish to sit by him in the boat,
that you and he might touch each other.

I have perceiv’d that to be with those I like is enough,
To stop in company with the rest at evening is enough,
To be surrounded by beautiful, curious, breathing, laughing flesh is enough,
To pass among them, or touch any one, or rest my arm ever so lightly round his or her neck
for a moment-what is this, then?
I do not ask any more delight-I swim in it, as in a sea.

There is something in staying close to men and women, and looking on them, and in the
contact and odor of them, that pleases the soul well;
All things please the soul-but these please the soul well.

This is the female form;
A divine nimbus exhales from it from head to foot;
It attracts with fierce undeniable attraction!
I am drawn by its breath as if I were no more than a helpless vapor-all falls aside but
myself and it;
Books, art, religion, time, the visible and solid earth, the atmosphere and the clouds,
and what was expected of heaven or fear’d of hell, are now consumed;
Mad filaments, ungovernable shoots play out of it-the response likewise ungovernable;
Hair, bosom, hips, bend of legs, negligent falling hands, all diffused-mine too
Ebb stung by the flow, and flow stung by the ebb-love-flesh swelling and deliciously
Limitless limpid jets of love hot and enormous, quivering jelly of love, white-blow and
delirious juice;
Bridegroom night of love, working surely and softly into the prostrate dawn;
Undulating into the willing and yielding day,
Lost in the cleave of the clasping and sweet-flesh’d day.

This is the nucleus-after the child is born of woman, the man is born of woman;
This is the bath of birth-this is the merge of small and large, and the outlet again.

Be not ashamed, women-your privilege encloses the rest, and is the exit of the rest;
You are the gates of the body, and you are the gates of the soul.

The female contains all qualities, and tempers them-she is in her place, and moves with
perfect balance;
She is all things duly veil’d-she is both passive and active;
She is to conceive daughters as well as sons, and sons as well as daughters.

As I see my soul reflected in nature;
As I see through a mist, one with inexpressible completeness and beauty,
See the bent head, and arms folded over the breast-the female I see.

The male is not less the soul, nor more-he too is in his place;
He too is all qualities-he is action and power;
The flush of the known universe is in him;
Scorn becomes him well, and appetite and defiance become him well;
The wildest largest passions, bliss that is utmost, sorrow that is utmost, become him
well-pride is for him;
The full-spread pride of man is calming and excellent to the soul;
Knowledge becomes him-he likes it always-he brings everything to the test of himself;
Whatever the survey, whatever the sea and the sail, he strikes soundings at last only
(Where else does he strike soundings, except here?)

The man’s body is sacred, and the woman’s body is sacred;
No matter who it is, it is sacred;
Is it a slave? Is it one of the dull-faced immigrants just landed on the wharf?
Each belongs here or anywhere, just as much as the well-off-just as much as you;
Each has his or her place in the procession.

(All is a procession;
The universe is a procession, with measured and beautiful motion.)

Do you know so much yourself, that you call the slave or the dull-face ignorant?
Do you suppose you have a right to a good sight, and he or she has no right to a sight?
Do you think matter has cohered together from its diffuse float-and the soil is on the
surface, and water runs, and vegetation sprouts,
For you only, and not for him and her?

A man’s Body at auction;
I help the auctioneer-the sloven does not half know his business.

Gentlemen, look on this wonder!
Whatever the bids of the bidders, they cannot be high enough for it;
For it the globe lay preparing quintillions of years, without one animal or plant;
For it the revolving cycles truly and steadily roll’d.

In this head the all-baffling brain;
In it and below it, the makings of heroes.

Examine these limbs, red, black, or white-they are so cunning in tendon and nerve;
They shall be stript, that you may see them.

Exquisite senses, life-lit eyes, pluck, volition,
Flakes of breast-muscle, pliant back-bone and neck, flesh not flabby, good-sized arms and
And wonders within there yet.

Within there runs blood,
The same old blood!
The same red-running blood!
There swells and jets a heart-there all passions, desires, reachings, aspirations;
Do you think they are not there because they are not express’d in parlors and

This is not only one man-this is the father of those who shall be fathers in their
In him the start of populous states and rich republics;
Of him countless immortal lives, with countless embodiments and enjoyments.

How do you know who shall come from the offspring of his offspring through the centuries?
Who might you find you have come from yourself, if you could trace back through the

A woman’s Body at auction!
She too is not only herself-she is the teeming mother of mothers;
She is the bearer of them that shall grow and be mates to the mothers.

Have you ever loved the Body of a woman?
Have you ever loved the Body of a man?
Your father-where is your father?
Your mother-is she living? have you been much with her? and has she been much with you?

-Do you not see that these are exactly the same to all, in all nations and times, all
over the earth?

If any thing is sacred, the human body is sacred,
And the glory and sweet of a man, is the token of manhood untainted;
And in man or woman, a clean, strong, firm-fibred body, is beautiful as the most beautiful

Have you seen the fool that corrupted his own live body? or the fool that corrupted her
own live body?
For they do not conceal themselves, and cannot conceal themselves.

O my Body! I dare not desert the likes of you in other men and women, nor the likes of the
parts of you;
I believe the likes of you are to stand or fall with the likes of the Soul, (and that they
are the Soul;)
I believe the likes of you shall stand or fall with my poems-and that they are poems,
Man’s, woman’s, child’s, youth’s, wife’s, husband’s, mother’s, father’s,
young man’s, young woman’s poems;
Head, neck, hair, ears, drop and tympan of the ears,
Eyes, eye-fringes, iris of the eye, eye-brows, and the waking or sleeping of the lids,
Mouth, tongue, lips, teeth, roof of the mouth, jaws, and the jaw-hinges,
Nose, nostrils of the nose, and the partition,
Cheeks, temples, forehead, chin, throat, back of the neck, neck-slue,
Strong shoulders, manly beard, scapula, hind-shoulders, and the ample side-round of the

Upper-arm, arm-pit, elbow-socket, lower-arm, arm-sinews, arm-bones,
Wrist and wrist-joints, hand, palm, knuckles, thumb, fore-finger, finger-balls,
finger-joints, finger-nails,
Broad breast-front, curling hair of the breast, breast-bone, breast-side,
Ribs, belly, back-bone, joints of the back-bone,
Hips, hip-sockets, hip-strength, inward and outward round, man-balls, man-root,
Strong set of thighs, well carrying the trunk above,
Leg-fibres, knee, knee-pan, upper-leg, under leg,
Ankles, instep, foot-ball, toes, toe-joints, the heel;
All attitudes, all the shapeliness, all the belongings of my or your body, or of any
one’s body, male or female,
The lung-sponges, the stomach-sac, the bowels sweet and clean,
The brain in its folds inside the skull-frame,
Sympathies, heart-valves, palate-valves, sexuality, maternity,
Womanhood, and all that is a woman-and the man that comes from woman,
The womb, the teats, nipples, breast-milk, tears, laughter, weeping, love-looks,
love-perturbations and risings,
The voice, articulation, language, whispering, shouting aloud,
Food, drink, pulse, digestion, sweat, sleep, walking, swimming,
Poise on the hips, leaping, reclining, embracing, arm-curving and tightening,
The continual changes of the flex of the mouth, and around the eyes,
The skin, the sun-burnt shade, freckles, hair,
The curious sympathy one feels, when feeling with the hand the naked meat of the body,
The circling rivers, the breath, and breathing it in and out,
The beauty of the waist, and thence of the hips, and thence downward toward the knees,
The thin red jellies within you, or within me-the bones, and the marrow in the bones,
The exquisite realization of health;
O I say, these are not the parts and poems of the Body only, but of the Soul,
O I say now these are the Soul!

Analysis, meaning and summary of Walt Whitman's poem I Sing the Body Electric.


  1. azmol says:

    This poem shows the beauty of not only the human body, but of the soul as
    well. All throughout the poem, Whitman demonstrates his passion and
    equality for both genders and their importance to society. He shows that we
    cannot exist without fathers, nor can we exist without the mothers who bore

  2. mark jones says:

    This poem shows the beauty of not only the human body, but of the soul as well. All throughout the poem, Whitman demonstrates his passion and equality for both genders and their importance to society. He shows that we cannot exist without fathers, nor can we exist without the mothers who bore us.

  3. nicole says:

    the soul is the body!
    the body is the soul!

    cheers to new beginnings!!

  4. Christine says:

    This poem shows the beauty of not only the human body, but of the soul as well. All throughout the poem, Whitman demonstrates his passion and equality for both genders and their importance to society. He shows that we cannot exist without fathers, nor can we exist without the mothers who bore us.

  5. Shelby Marzoni says:

    This poem epitomizes why Woody Guthrie and the beat poets loved Whitman. This poem gives one example after another of the oneness of all people; a song of true democracy. He wrote with a prophetic voice reminiscent of Solomon in Ecclesiastes. I am sure that he is turning over in his grave for the truly hideous song written for the musical “Fame” which begins with the title line.

  6. Schorsch says:

    This is a well constructed poem in regards to the authors admiration of the human body and soul…The connection with the common man and woman reveal his closeness to society by being able to discern any features that may have accomodated people of that time.

  7. Amanda says:

    For anyone who doesn’t think that Whitman is gay, just look at this poem. Man! He spends a good 150 words on the body of a man, its aesthetic, physical, and sexual beauty, and then tosses the female form in at the end, referring not to physical beauty but only to her ability to be a mother.

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