Introduction SCOPE OF THE INQUIRY Four factors have shaped the telephone policy of Great Britain. They have been: the desire of the State to protect the national telegraphs from competition from the telephone; the Duke of Marlborough sletters to The Times, alleging that it was possible to supply telephone service to Metropolitan London on the basis of $50 a year for unlimited user; the desire of the Municipalities to regulate the charges of the National Telephone Company, a licensee of the Postmaster General; and the political ambition of Mr. R. W. Hanbury, who, as Financial Secretary to the Treasury, in the period from 1895 to 1900 represented in the House of Commons, the Postmaster General, the Duke of Norfolk. The Government having acquired the monopoly of the telegraph business in 1869, the logical thing for it to do upon the appearance of the telephone, in 1876-77, would have been to purchase the rights of the patentees of the telephone, and to make the telephone a supplement to the telegraph.
(Typographical errors above are due to OCR software and don't occur in the book.)
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