Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869 - 1935) was an American poet who won three Pulitzer Prizes.He was born in Head Tide, Lincoln County, Maine. He described his childhood in Maine as stark and unhappy.
His early difficulties led many of his poems to have a dark pessimism and his stories to deal with "an American dream gone awry".
In late 1891, He entered Harvard University taking classes in English, French, and Shakespeare.
His real desire was to get published in one of the Harvard literary journals and Within the first fortnight The Harvard Advocate published his "Ballade of a Ship".
After his first year at Harvard the family his father died and he became the man of the household. He tried farming and developed a close relationship with his brother's wife Emma . After his death she moved back to Gardiner with her children. She rejected marriage proposals from Edwin twice, and heleft Gardiner. He moved to New York,and led a precarious existence as an impoverished poet while cultivating friendships with other writers, artists, and would-be intellectuals. In 1896 he self-published his first book, The Torrent and the Night Before.
Robinson meant it as a surprise for his mother. Days before the copies arrived, she died of diphtheria.
His second volume, The Children of the Night, had a somewhat wider circulation. Its readers included President Theodore Roosevelt's son Kermit, who recommended it to his father. Impressed by the poems and aware of Robinson's straits, Roosevelt in 1905 secured the writer a job at the New York Customs Office. Robinson remained in the job until Roosevelt left office.
Gradually his literary successes began to mount. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for the years 1922, 1925 and 1928. During the last twenty years of his life he became a regular summer resident at the MacDowell Colony in New Hampshire, where several women made him the object of their devoted attention, but he maintained a solitary life and never married