Francis Grose (1731-1791) was an antiquary, a lexicographer, of Swiss extraction, and a Richmond Herald from 1755 to 1763. He published Antiquities of England and Wales (1773-87), which was well received, and thereafter, in 1789, set out on an antiquarian tour through Scotland, the fruit of which was Antiquity of Scotland (1789- 91). He afterwards undertook a similar expedition to Ireland, but died suddenly at Dublin. He also wrote A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue (1785), which was revised and republished under the title 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue in 1811. His other works include A Provincial Glossary (1787) and A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons. He was an accomplished draughtsman, and illustrated his works.