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Biography of Sylvia Plath

Sylvia Plath

Sylvia Plath (1932 - 1963)

Sylvia started her life in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts on October 27, 1932. During her early childhood, Sylvia's father Otto suffered from a lengthy illness. Otto, certain he had cancer, did not seek treatment initially. When he finally did see a doctor, a case of diabetes was diagnosed but by that time his illness was advanced. His end was fraught with suffering which included the amputation of a leg. Reference to the leg is made in "Daddy" Otto died just days past Sylvia's 8th birthday.

Sylvia was an excellent student and in 1950 she was accepted into Smith College on a scholarship. She was at the top of her class and should logically have been very happy. That was not the case. She lived in fear that it would be found out that she wasn't the perfectly happy person she tried to project. In 1952 she won the first prize of $500 from Mademoiselle magazine for her short story "Sunday at the Minton’s". The following June 1953, Sylvia was a guest editor at the Mademoiselle New York offices, which she later wrote about in The Bell Jar. She came home from New York in a state of exhaustion and depression. She was counting on being accepted into Frank O'Connor's creative writing course at Harvard and when she wasn't, she went into a state of withdrawal. She was distraught, scared inside, unable to sleep or function, but still determined to show the world a brave face. On August 24th, unable to carry on any longer, she attempted suicide. For the next months she was institutionalised at Maclean Hospital and was treated with insulin therapy and shock treatments. During this period of hospitalisation, Sylvia unknowingly was collecting material for her novel The Bell Jar and short story "Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams".

In October 1955, Sylvia attended Newnham College at Cambridge University on a Fulbright scholarship. After a series of go nowhere relationships and numerous blind dates, Sylvia met Ted Hughes at a St. Botolph's party on February 25, 1956. They were married on a rainy day in London on June 16th of the same year and honeymooned in Benidorm, Spain. Ted Hughes describes the details of their wedding beautifully in his poem "A Pink Wool Knitted Dress" in Birthday Letters.

After the conclusion of her studies at Cambridge in the spring of 1957, Sylvia was asked to teach English at Smith College, where she had taken her undergraduate studies. Sylvia returned to America, bringing her husband with her. Her mother, Aurelia Plath, made them a present of a vacation on Cape Cod. Sylvia was excited at the prospect of teaching English, an obvious favorite subject area. She wasn't long on the faculty when she felt overwhelmed. She chastised herself for presuming that she could teach. The preparatory work was exhausting and she perceived the faculty's coldness to her. She had dreamed of giving marvellous lectures and leisurely writing her book. As was her lot, she must be brilliant and make it look as "easy as pie". She was sick frequently and most unhappy. When the year was over, she did not return. The College was very satisfied with Sylvia's performance, but Sylvia felt she had failed and she wouldn't go back for another year. Already Sylvia was beginning to have doubts about Ted's love for her. She needed constantly to be reassured. Sylvia took a less taxing clerical position as a receptionist in the psychiatric clinic of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and continued with her writing. In early December of 1958 she began to secretly see Ruth Boucher, her therapist from McLean, where she had been hospitalized after her earlier suicide attempt in the summer of 1953. She also attended an evening poetry class, which was given by Robert Lowell, whose confessional style influenced Sylvia’s poetry.

In December 1959 Sylvia and Ted returned to England. Sylvia was pregnant and due to give birth in the spring of 1960. On April 1st, Frieda Rebecca was born. During her pregnancy, on February 10th, Sylvia signed a contract with William Heinemann Ltd. to publish The Colossus, which was to come out in October 1960. Outwardly Sylvia showed amazing energy. She scoured and scrubbed their London flat, wanting a pretty home for herself, her husband and their yet to be born baby. Inwardly she felt exhausted and barely able to carry on, but unwilling to let the world know and her circumstances pressed in on her. She wanted everything, and the writing was her outlet and her curse. It was both her salvation and her undoing.

The following February 1961 a miscarriage left Sylvia feeling depressed. She wrote of it in a poem "Parliament Hill Fields".

In August 1961 the Hughes family moved to a Devon farm and Sylvia was isolated. Ted had become more removed from her. A son Nicholas Farrar was born on January 17th, 1962. In July, Sylvia discovered Ted's affair with Assia Wevill. Sylvia and Ted separated in September. In the following month Sylvia wrote at least 26 of the Ariel poems.

In December 1962, Sylvia took the children with her to London and moved into an apartment at 23 Fitzroy Road, which was the former home of poet William Butler Yeats. The Bell Jar was published under the pseudonym of Victoria Lucas in January 1963. On February 11, 1963 Sylvia gave up her life.

Concluding remarks
Although Sylvia Plath's life was brief in conventional terms, her life was rich in experiences. She received accolades in the form of prizes, awards, and scholarships. She had literary successes, although none so great as those that were endowed on her post-humously. In 1982 she received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for her Collected Poems.

Sylvia Plath was many things to many people; she was daughter, sister, student and teacher, wife and mother, and finally a writer. In death, she continues to influence people for more than her literary excellence.

She was a bright, intelligent, and determined young woman with a need to succeed and a burning desire to write. Sylvia had other needs that clashed with her literary ambitions. She dreamed of the comfort of a home of her own where she could belong and be loved for herself. She wanted a good husband and children. In school and outside of it, she was a high achiever never being able to quite reach the very high expectations she set for herself. No one was able to drive Sylvia more than herself. She knew self-doubt and depression. Yet to the world she presented a carefree, it's so easy attitude. In reality she worked, pushing herself relentlessly, whether in her studies, her teaching, in her relationships or her writing. Only those nearest to her knew how troubled Sylvia's life was.


Biography by: This biography was written by Joan Welz of the University of Alberta, as part of a Master's Degree in Library and Information Studies.


121 Poems written by Sylvia Plath

The poems are by default sorted according to volume, but you can also choose to sort them alphabetically or by page views.

Volume | Alphabetically | [Page Views] | Comments | First Lines


Page ViewsPoemComments
51352 Edge Comments and analysis of Edge by Sylvia Plath 27 Comments
36584 Two Sisters Of Persephone Comments and analysis of Two Sisters Of Persephone by Sylvia Plath 497 Comments
31170 I Am Vertical Comments and analysis of I Am Vertical by Sylvia Plath 112 Comments
30594 Kindness Comments and analysis of Kindness by Sylvia Plath 363 Comments
29578 Jilted Comments and analysis of Jilted by Sylvia Plath 18 Comments
29410 Never Try To Trick Me With A Kiss Comments and analysis of Never Try To Trick Me With A Kiss by Sylvia Plath 543 Comments
27360 Tulips Comments and analysis of Tulips by Sylvia Plath 50 Comments
27076 The Moon And The Yew Tree Comments and analysis of The Moon And The Yew Tree by Sylvia Plath 63 Comments
25429 Lesbos Comments and analysis of Lesbos by Sylvia Plath 22 Comments
22668 Elm Comments and analysis of Elm by Sylvia Plath 299 Comments
21890 Getting There Comments and analysis of Getting There by Sylvia Plath 14 Comments
21193 The Bee Meeting Comments and analysis of The Bee Meeting by Sylvia Plath 27 Comments
21146 Black Rook In Rainy Weather Comments and analysis of Black Rook In Rainy Weather by Sylvia Plath 491 Comments
20572 Face Lift Comments and analysis of Face Lift by Sylvia Plath 26 Comments
19969 Nick And The Candlestick Comments and analysis of Nick And The Candlestick by Sylvia Plath 47 Comments
19462 Leaving Early Comments and analysis of Leaving Early by Sylvia Plath 8 Comments
18714 Paralytic Comments and analysis of Paralytic by Sylvia Plath 9 Comments
17298 An Appearance
17298 An Appearance Comments and analysis of An Appearance by Sylvia Plath 249 Comments
16105 Aftermath Comments and analysis of Aftermath by Sylvia Plath 10 Comments
15247 By Candlelight
14770 Night Shift Comments and analysis of Night Shift by Sylvia Plath 6 Comments
14467 Southern Sunrise Comments and analysis of Southern Sunrise by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
14417 Stings Comments and analysis of Stings by Sylvia Plath 238 Comments
13909 The Munich Mannequins Comments and analysis of The Munich Mannequins by Sylvia Plath 9 Comments
13588 Conversation Among The Ruins Comments and analysis of Conversation Among The Ruins by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
13305 Lorelei Comments and analysis of Lorelei by Sylvia Plath 25 Comments
13063 Virgin In A Tree Comments and analysis of Virgin In A Tree by Sylvia Plath 24 Comments
10155 The Other Two Comments and analysis of The Other Two by Sylvia Plath 8 Comments
10151 The Times Are Tidy Comments and analysis of The Times Are Tidy by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
9733 Two Campers In Cloud Country Comments and analysis of Two Campers In Cloud Country by Sylvia Plath 20 Comments
9628 Sleep In The Mojave Desert Comments and analysis of Sleep In The Mojave Desert by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
9560 Polly's Tree Comments and analysis of Polly's Tree by Sylvia Plath 12 Comments
9189 The Sleepers Comments and analysis of The Sleepers by Sylvia Plath 10 Comments
9154 Mad Girl's Love Song Comments and analysis of Mad Girl's Love Song by Sylvia Plath 212 Comments
9068 Gigolo
8700 The Swarm
8686 Perseus
8679 Totem
8625 Lyonnesse Comments and analysis of Lyonnesse by Sylvia Plath 7 Comments
8618 Winter Landscape, With Rooks Comments and analysis of Winter Landscape, With Rooks by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
8091 Fiesta Melons Comments and analysis of Fiesta Melons by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
7362 Stillborn Comments and analysis of Stillborn by Sylvia Plath 24 Comments
7226 Fever 103° Comments and analysis of Fever 103° by Sylvia Plath 89 Comments
6847 Wintering Comments and analysis of Wintering by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
6816 Berck-Plage
6516 Bucolics Comments and analysis of Bucolics by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
5928 Daddy Comments and analysis of Daddy by Sylvia Plath 337 Comments
5884 Cut Comments and analysis of Cut by Sylvia Plath 156 Comments
5843 Landowners Comments and analysis of Landowners by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
5825 Strumpet Song
5771 Prospect Comments and analysis of Prospect by Sylvia Plath 7 Comments
5037 The Bull Of Bendylaw
4879 Crossing The Water Comments and analysis of Crossing The Water by Sylvia Plath 17 Comments
4426 Medusa Comments and analysis of Medusa by Sylvia Plath 71 Comments
4202 Metaphors Comments and analysis of Metaphors by Sylvia Plath 474 Comments
4160 Pursuit Comments and analysis of Pursuit by Sylvia Plath 9 Comments
4062 The Dead Comments and analysis of The Dead by Sylvia Plath 295 Comments
3984 Letter In November Comments and analysis of Letter In November by Sylvia Plath 35 Comments
3784 The Rival Comments and analysis of The Rival by Sylvia Plath 19 Comments
3771 Years Comments and analysis of Years by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
3525 The Other Comments and analysis of The Other by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
3364 Sheep In Fog Comments and analysis of Sheep In Fog by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
3233 A Better Resurrection Comments and analysis of A Better Resurrection by Sylvia Plath 579 Comments
2716 Blackberrying Comments and analysis of Blackberrying by Sylvia Plath 18 Comments
2555 Monologue At 3 AM Comments and analysis of Monologue At 3 AM by Sylvia Plath 251 Comments
2408 Insomniac Comments and analysis of Insomniac by Sylvia Plath 8 Comments
2359 Child Comments and analysis of Child by Sylvia Plath 94 Comments
2317 Wuthering Heights Comments and analysis of Wuthering Heights by Sylvia Plath 9 Comments
2179 In Plaster Comments and analysis of In Plaster by Sylvia Plath 507 Comments
2143 Last Words Comments and analysis of Last Words by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
2072 Frog Autumn Comments and analysis of Frog Autumn by Sylvia Plath 33 Comments
1982 Mystic Comments and analysis of Mystic by Sylvia Plath 13 Comments
1872 Ariel Comments and analysis of Ariel by Sylvia Plath 135 Comments
1845 Pheasant Comments and analysis of Pheasant by Sylvia Plath 7 Comments
1834 The Applicant Comments and analysis of The Applicant by Sylvia Plath 28 Comments
1827 You're Comments and analysis of You're by Sylvia Plath 107 Comments
1617 The Couriers
1518 A Life Comments and analysis of A Life by Sylvia Plath 510 Comments
1506 The Eye-Mote Comments and analysis of The Eye-Mote by Sylvia Plath 28 Comments
1480 Love Letter Comments and analysis of Love Letter by Sylvia Plath 107 Comments
1432 Goatsucker Comments and analysis of Goatsucker by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
1384 Three Women Comments and analysis of Three Women by Sylvia Plath 70 Comments
1361 The Arrival Of The Bee Box Comments and analysis of The Arrival Of The Bee Box by Sylvia Plath 126 Comments
1350 Full Fathom Five Comments and analysis of Full Fathom Five by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
1311 Snakecharmer Comments and analysis of Snakecharmer by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
1302 Resolve Comments and analysis of Resolve by Sylvia Plath 8 Comments
1169 Contusion Comments and analysis of Contusion by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
1061 Mary's Song Comments and analysis of Mary's Song by Sylvia Plath 16 Comments
992 On Looking Into The Eyes Of A Demon Lover Comments and analysis of On Looking Into The Eyes Of A Demon Lover by Sylvia Plath 37 Comments
989 The Thin People Comments and analysis of The Thin People by Sylvia Plath 530 Comments
973 Death & Co. Comments and analysis of Death & Co. by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
840 A Lesson In Vengeance Comments and analysis of A Lesson In Vengeance by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
831 Apprehensions Comments and analysis of Apprehensions by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
825 Sow Comments and analysis of Sow by Sylvia Plath 12 Comments
799 A Birthday Present Comments and analysis of A Birthday Present by Sylvia Plath 70 Comments
776 Dialogue Between Ghost And Priest Comments and analysis of Dialogue Between Ghost And Priest by Sylvia Plath 283 Comments
730 Among The Narcissi Comments and analysis of Among The Narcissi by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
562 Electra On Azalea Path Comments and analysis of Electra On Azalea Path by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
560 Vanity Fair Comments and analysis of Vanity Fair by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
552 The Disquieting Muses Comments and analysis of The Disquieting Muses by Sylvia Plath 313 Comments
454 Faun Comments and analysis of Faun by Sylvia Plath 7 Comments
281 Sculptor Comments and analysis of Sculptor by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
196 The Colossus Comments and analysis of The Colossus by Sylvia Plath 507 Comments
113 Mirror Comments and analysis of Mirror by Sylvia Plath 409 Comments
104 Mushrooms Comments and analysis of Mushrooms by Sylvia Plath 439 Comments
91 Spinster Comments and analysis of Spinster by Sylvia Plath 38 Comments
76 The Night Dances Comments and analysis of The Night Dances by Sylvia Plath 279 Comments
75 Words Comments and analysis of Words by Sylvia Plath 13 Comments
69 Poppies In October Comments and analysis of Poppies In October by Sylvia Plath 14 Comments
68 Lady Lazarus Comments and analysis of Lady Lazarus by Sylvia Plath 355 Comments
66 Winter Trees Comments and analysis of Winter Trees by Sylvia Plath 244 Comments
36 Love Is A Parallax Comments and analysis of Love Is A Parallax by Sylvia Plath 6 Comments
33 Purdah Comments and analysis of Purdah by Sylvia Plath 7 Comments
31 Balloons Comments and analysis of Balloons by Sylvia Plath 17 Comments
31 April 18 Comments and analysis of April 18 by Sylvia Plath 470 Comments
30 Morning Song Comments and analysis of Morning Song by Sylvia Plath 146 Comments
23 Tale Of A Tub Comments and analysis of Tale Of A Tub by Sylvia Plath 72 Comments
23 Two Views Of A Cadaver Room Comments and analysis of Two Views Of A Cadaver Room by Sylvia Plath 40 Comments
16 Poems, Potatoes Comments and analysis of Poems, Potatoes by Sylvia Plath 8 Comments
14 Poppies In July Comments and analysis of Poppies In July by Sylvia Plath 8 Comments
10 The Queen's Complaint Comments and analysis of The Queen's Complaint by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment


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