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Biography of Sylvia Plath

Sylvia Plath

Sylvia Plath (1932 - 1963)

Sylvia started her life in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts on October 27, 1932. During her early childhood, Sylvia's father Otto suffered from a lengthy illness. Otto, certain he had cancer, did not seek treatment initially. When he finally did see a doctor, a case of diabetes was diagnosed but by that time his illness was advanced. His end was fraught with suffering which included the amputation of a leg. Reference to the leg is made in "Daddy" Otto died just days past Sylvia's 8th birthday.

Sylvia was an excellent student and in 1950 she was accepted into Smith College on a scholarship. She was at the top of her class and should logically have been very happy. That was not the case. She lived in fear that it would be found out that she wasn't the perfectly happy person she tried to project. In 1952 she won the first prize of $500 from Mademoiselle magazine for her short story "Sunday at the Minton’s". The following June 1953, Sylvia was a guest editor at the Mademoiselle New York offices, which she later wrote about in The Bell Jar. She came home from New York in a state of exhaustion and depression. She was counting on being accepted into Frank O'Connor's creative writing course at Harvard and when she wasn't, she went into a state of withdrawal. She was distraught, scared inside, unable to sleep or function, but still determined to show the world a brave face. On August 24th, unable to carry on any longer, she attempted suicide. For the next months she was institutionalised at Maclean Hospital and was treated with insulin therapy and shock treatments. During this period of hospitalisation, Sylvia unknowingly was collecting material for her novel The Bell Jar and short story "Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams".

In October 1955, Sylvia attended Newnham College at Cambridge University on a Fulbright scholarship. After a series of go nowhere relationships and numerous blind dates, Sylvia met Ted Hughes at a St. Botolph's party on February 25, 1956. They were married on a rainy day in London on June 16th of the same year and honeymooned in Benidorm, Spain. Ted Hughes describes the details of their wedding beautifully in his poem "A Pink Wool Knitted Dress" in Birthday Letters.

After the conclusion of her studies at Cambridge in the spring of 1957, Sylvia was asked to teach English at Smith College, where she had taken her undergraduate studies. Sylvia returned to America, bringing her husband with her. Her mother, Aurelia Plath, made them a present of a vacation on Cape Cod. Sylvia was excited at the prospect of teaching English, an obvious favorite subject area. She wasn't long on the faculty when she felt overwhelmed. She chastised herself for presuming that she could teach. The preparatory work was exhausting and she perceived the faculty's coldness to her. She had dreamed of giving marvellous lectures and leisurely writing her book. As was her lot, she must be brilliant and make it look as "easy as pie". She was sick frequently and most unhappy. When the year was over, she did not return. The College was very satisfied with Sylvia's performance, but Sylvia felt she had failed and she wouldn't go back for another year. Already Sylvia was beginning to have doubts about Ted's love for her. She needed constantly to be reassured. Sylvia took a less taxing clerical position as a receptionist in the psychiatric clinic of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and continued with her writing. In early December of 1958 she began to secretly see Ruth Boucher, her therapist from McLean, where she had been hospitalized after her earlier suicide attempt in the summer of 1953. She also attended an evening poetry class, which was given by Robert Lowell, whose confessional style influenced Sylvia’s poetry.

In December 1959 Sylvia and Ted returned to England. Sylvia was pregnant and due to give birth in the spring of 1960. On April 1st, Frieda Rebecca was born. During her pregnancy, on February 10th, Sylvia signed a contract with William Heinemann Ltd. to publish The Colossus, which was to come out in October 1960. Outwardly Sylvia showed amazing energy. She scoured and scrubbed their London flat, wanting a pretty home for herself, her husband and their yet to be born baby. Inwardly she felt exhausted and barely able to carry on, but unwilling to let the world know and her circumstances pressed in on her. She wanted everything, and the writing was her outlet and her curse. It was both her salvation and her undoing.

The following February 1961 a miscarriage left Sylvia feeling depressed. She wrote of it in a poem "Parliament Hill Fields".

In August 1961 the Hughes family moved to a Devon farm and Sylvia was isolated. Ted had become more removed from her. A son Nicholas Farrar was born on January 17th, 1962. In July, Sylvia discovered Ted's affair with Assia Wevill. Sylvia and Ted separated in September. In the following month Sylvia wrote at least 26 of the Ariel poems.

In December 1962, Sylvia took the children with her to London and moved into an apartment at 23 Fitzroy Road, which was the former home of poet William Butler Yeats. The Bell Jar was published under the pseudonym of Victoria Lucas in January 1963. On February 11, 1963 Sylvia gave up her life.

Concluding remarks
Although Sylvia Plath's life was brief in conventional terms, her life was rich in experiences. She received accolades in the form of prizes, awards, and scholarships. She had literary successes, although none so great as those that were endowed on her post-humously. In 1982 she received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for her Collected Poems.

Sylvia Plath was many things to many people; she was daughter, sister, student and teacher, wife and mother, and finally a writer. In death, she continues to influence people for more than her literary excellence.

She was a bright, intelligent, and determined young woman with a need to succeed and a burning desire to write. Sylvia had other needs that clashed with her literary ambitions. She dreamed of the comfort of a home of her own where she could belong and be loved for herself. She wanted a good husband and children. In school and outside of it, she was a high achiever never being able to quite reach the very high expectations she set for herself. No one was able to drive Sylvia more than herself. She knew self-doubt and depression. Yet to the world she presented a carefree, it's so easy attitude. In reality she worked, pushing herself relentlessly, whether in her studies, her teaching, in her relationships or her writing. Only those nearest to her knew how troubled Sylvia's life was.


Biography by: This biography was written by Joan Welz of the University of Alberta, as part of a Master's Degree in Library and Information Studies.


121 Poems written by Sylvia Plath

The poems are by default sorted according to volume, but you can also choose to sort them alphabetically or by page views.

Volume | Alphabetically | Page Views | [Comments] | First Lines


PoemComments
Two Sisters Of Persephone Comments and analysis of Two Sisters Of Persephone by Sylvia Plath 266 Comments
Metaphors Comments and analysis of Metaphors by Sylvia Plath 245 Comments
Mushrooms Comments and analysis of Mushrooms by Sylvia Plath 203 Comments
Mad Girl's Love Song Comments and analysis of Mad Girl's Love Song by Sylvia Plath 188 Comments
Mirror Comments and analysis of Mirror by Sylvia Plath 182 Comments
A Better Resurrection Comments and analysis of A Better Resurrection by Sylvia Plath 152 Comments
Cut Comments and analysis of Cut by Sylvia Plath 145 Comments
Kindness Comments and analysis of Kindness by Sylvia Plath 145 Comments
Daddy Comments and analysis of Daddy by Sylvia Plath 141 Comments
Lady Lazarus Comments and analysis of Lady Lazarus by Sylvia Plath 140 Comments
Morning Song Comments and analysis of Morning Song by Sylvia Plath 130 Comments
Never Try To Trick Me With A Kiss Comments and analysis of Never Try To Trick Me With A Kiss by Sylvia Plath 121 Comments
The Thin People Comments and analysis of The Thin People by Sylvia Plath 117 Comments
Ariel Comments and analysis of Ariel by Sylvia Plath 116 Comments
The Arrival Of The Bee Box Comments and analysis of The Arrival Of The Bee Box by Sylvia Plath 113 Comments
The Disquieting Muses Comments and analysis of The Disquieting Muses by Sylvia Plath 110 Comments
Black Rook In Rainy Weather Comments and analysis of Black Rook In Rainy Weather by Sylvia Plath 102 Comments
I Am Vertical Comments and analysis of I Am Vertical by Sylvia Plath 100 Comments
In Plaster Comments and analysis of In Plaster by Sylvia Plath 98 Comments
Elm Comments and analysis of Elm by Sylvia Plath 97 Comments
You're Comments and analysis of You're by Sylvia Plath 92 Comments
The Dead Comments and analysis of The Dead by Sylvia Plath 90 Comments
The Colossus Comments and analysis of The Colossus by Sylvia Plath 87 Comments
Love Letter Comments and analysis of Love Letter by Sylvia Plath 84 Comments
A Life Comments and analysis of A Life by Sylvia Plath 83 Comments
Child Comments and analysis of Child by Sylvia Plath 76 Comments
Dialogue Between Ghost And Priest Comments and analysis of Dialogue Between Ghost And Priest by Sylvia Plath 76 Comments
The Night Dances Comments and analysis of The Night Dances by Sylvia Plath 76 Comments
Fever 103° Comments and analysis of Fever 103° by Sylvia Plath 71 Comments
April 18 Comments and analysis of April 18 by Sylvia Plath 70 Comments
Medusa Comments and analysis of Medusa by Sylvia Plath 62 Comments
Three Women Comments and analysis of Three Women by Sylvia Plath 62 Comments
Monologue At 3 AM Comments and analysis of Monologue At 3 AM by Sylvia Plath 60 Comments
Tale Of A Tub Comments and analysis of Tale Of A Tub by Sylvia Plath 60 Comments
An Appearance Comments and analysis of An Appearance by Sylvia Plath 57 Comments
A Birthday Present Comments and analysis of A Birthday Present by Sylvia Plath 56 Comments
The Moon And The Yew Tree Comments and analysis of The Moon And The Yew Tree by Sylvia Plath 47 Comments
Stings Comments and analysis of Stings by Sylvia Plath 43 Comments
Nick And The Candlestick Comments and analysis of Nick And The Candlestick by Sylvia Plath 34 Comments
Tulips Comments and analysis of Tulips by Sylvia Plath 33 Comments
Winter Trees Comments and analysis of Winter Trees by Sylvia Plath 33 Comments
The Applicant Comments and analysis of The Applicant by Sylvia Plath 28 Comments
Two Views Of A Cadaver Room Comments and analysis of Two Views Of A Cadaver Room by Sylvia Plath 25 Comments
Letter In November Comments and analysis of Letter In November by Sylvia Plath 23 Comments
On Looking Into The Eyes Of A Demon Lover Comments and analysis of On Looking Into The Eyes Of A Demon Lover by Sylvia Plath 23 Comments
The Bee Meeting Comments and analysis of The Bee Meeting by Sylvia Plath 22 Comments
Edge Comments and analysis of Edge by Sylvia Plath 21 Comments
Face Lift Comments and analysis of Face Lift by Sylvia Plath 20 Comments
The Eye-Mote Comments and analysis of The Eye-Mote by Sylvia Plath 20 Comments
Frog Autumn Comments and analysis of Frog Autumn by Sylvia Plath 19 Comments
Lesbos Comments and analysis of Lesbos by Sylvia Plath 19 Comments
Virgin In A Tree Comments and analysis of Virgin In A Tree by Sylvia Plath 19 Comments
Stillborn Comments and analysis of Stillborn by Sylvia Plath 17 Comments
Lorelei Comments and analysis of Lorelei by Sylvia Plath 16 Comments
Two Campers In Cloud Country Comments and analysis of Two Campers In Cloud Country by Sylvia Plath 16 Comments
Poppies In October Comments and analysis of Poppies In October by Sylvia Plath 12 Comments
The Rival Comments and analysis of The Rival by Sylvia Plath 12 Comments
Blackberrying Comments and analysis of Blackberrying by Sylvia Plath 11 Comments
Jilted Comments and analysis of Jilted by Sylvia Plath 11 Comments
Mystic Comments and analysis of Mystic by Sylvia Plath 11 Comments
Crossing The Water Comments and analysis of Crossing The Water by Sylvia Plath 10 Comments
Mary's Song Comments and analysis of Mary's Song by Sylvia Plath 10 Comments
Sow Comments and analysis of Sow by Sylvia Plath 10 Comments
Balloons Comments and analysis of Balloons by Sylvia Plath 7 Comments
Insomniac Comments and analysis of Insomniac by Sylvia Plath 6 Comments
Paralytic Comments and analysis of Paralytic by Sylvia Plath 6 Comments
Spinster Comments and analysis of Spinster by Sylvia Plath 6 Comments
The Other Two Comments and analysis of The Other Two by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
Words Comments and analysis of Words by Sylvia Plath 5 Comments
Sheep In Fog Comments and analysis of Sheep In Fog by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
Wuthering Heights Comments and analysis of Wuthering Heights by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
Years Comments and analysis of Years by Sylvia Plath 4 Comments
Aftermath Comments and analysis of Aftermath by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
Apprehensions Comments and analysis of Apprehensions by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
Getting There Comments and analysis of Getting There by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
Landowners Comments and analysis of Landowners by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
Love Is A Parallax Comments and analysis of Love Is A Parallax by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
Pheasant Comments and analysis of Pheasant by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
Polly's Tree Comments and analysis of Polly's Tree by Sylvia Plath 3 Comments
A Lesson In Vengeance Comments and analysis of A Lesson In Vengeance by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
Death & Co. Comments and analysis of Death & Co. by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
Fiesta Melons Comments and analysis of Fiesta Melons by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
Goatsucker Comments and analysis of Goatsucker by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
Poppies In July Comments and analysis of Poppies In July by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
Sleep In The Mojave Desert Comments and analysis of Sleep In The Mojave Desert by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
The Sleepers Comments and analysis of The Sleepers by Sylvia Plath 2 Comments
Among The Narcissi Comments and analysis of Among The Narcissi by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Contusion Comments and analysis of Contusion by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Conversation Among The Ruins Comments and analysis of Conversation Among The Ruins by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Electra On Azalea Path Comments and analysis of Electra On Azalea Path by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Last Words Comments and analysis of Last Words by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Leaving Early Comments and analysis of Leaving Early by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Lyonnesse Comments and analysis of Lyonnesse by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Poems, Potatoes Comments and analysis of Poems, Potatoes by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Purdah Comments and analysis of Purdah by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Pursuit Comments and analysis of Pursuit by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Snakecharmer Comments and analysis of Snakecharmer by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
The Munich Mannequins Comments and analysis of The Munich Mannequins by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
The Other Comments and analysis of The Other by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Vanity Fair Comments and analysis of Vanity Fair by Sylvia Plath 1 Comment
Berck-Plage
Bucolics
By Candlelight
Faun
Full Fathom Five
Gigolo
Night Shift
Perseus
Prospect
Resolve
Sculptor
Southern Sunrise
Strumpet Song
The Bull Of Bendylaw
The Couriers
The Queen's Complaint
The Swarm
The Times Are Tidy
Totem
Winter Landscape, With Rooks
Wintering


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