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Biography of Robert Frost

Robert Frost

Robert Frost (1874 - 1963)

Robert Lee Frost, b. San Francisco, Mar. 26, 1874, d. Boston, Jan. 29, 1963, was one of America's leading 20th-century poets and a four-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize. An essentially pastoral poet often associated with rural New England, Frost wrote poems whose philosophical dimensions transcend any region. Although his verse forms are traditional - he often said, in a dig at arch rival Carl Sandburg, that he would as soon play tennis without a net as write free verse - he was a pioneer in the interplay of rhythm and meter and in the poetic use of the vocabulary and inflections of everyday speech. His poetry is thus both traditional and experimental, regional and universal.

After his father's death in 1885, when young Frost was 11, the family left California and settled in Massachusetts. Frost attended high school in that state, entered Dartmouth College, but remained less than one semester. Returning to Massachusetts, he taught school and worked in a mill and as a newspaper reporter. In 1894 he sold "My Butterfly: An Elegy" to The Independent, a New York literary journal. A year later he married Elinor White, with whom he had shared valedictorian honors at Lawrence (Mass.) High School. From 1897 to 1899 he attended Harvard College as a special student but left without a degree. Over the next ten years he wrote (but rarely published) poems, operated a farm in Derry, New Hampshire (purchased for him by his paternal grandfather), and supplemented his income by teaching at Derry's Pinkerton Academy.

In 1912, at the age of 38, he sold the farm and used the proceeds to take his family to England, where he could devote himself entirely to writing. His efforts to establish himself and his work were almost immediately successful. A Boy's Will was accepted by a London publisher and brought out in 1913, followed a year later by North of Boston. Favorable reviews on both sides of the Atlantic resulted in American publication of the books by Henry Holt and Company, Frost's primary American publisher, and in the establishing of Frost's transatlantic reputation.

As part of his determined efforts on his own behalf, Frost had called on several prominent literary figures soon after his arrival in England. One of these was Ezra Pound, who wrote the first American review of Frost's verse for Harriet Munroe's Poetry magazine. (Though he disliked Pound, Frost was later instrumental in obtaining Pound's release from long confinement in a Washington, D.C., mental hospital.) Frost was more favorably impressed and more lastingly influenced by the so-called Georgian poets Lascelles Abercrombie, Rupert Brooke, and T. E. Hulme, whose rural subjects and style were more in keeping with his own. While living near the Georgians in Gloucestershire, Frost became especially close to a brooding Welshman named Edward Thomas, whom he urged to turn from prose to poetry. Thomas did so, dedicating his first and only volume of verse to Frost before his death in World War I.

The Frosts sailed for the United States in February 1915 and landed in New York City two days after the U.S. publication of North of Boston (the first of his books to be published in America). Sales of that book and of A Boy's Will enabled Frost to buy a farm in Franconia, N.H.; to place new poems in literary periodicals and publish a third book, Mountain Interval (1916); and to embark on a long career of writing, teaching, and lecturing. In 1924 he received a Pulitzer Prize in poetry for New Hampshire (1923). He was lauded again for Collected Poems (1930), A Further Range (1936) and A Witness Tree (1942). Over the years he received an unprecedented number and range of literary, academic, and public honors.

Frost's importance as a poet derives from the power and memorability of particular poems. The Death of the Hired Man (from North of Boston) combines lyric and dramatic poetry in blank verse. After Apple-Picking (from the same volume) is a free-verse dream poem with philosophical undertones. Mending Wall (also published in North of Boston) demonstrates Frost's simultaneous command of lyrical verse, dramatic conversation, and ironic commentary. The Road Not Taken, Birches (from Mountain Interval) and the oft-studied Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening (from New Hampshire) exemplify Frost's ability to join the pastoral and philosophical modes in lyrics of unforgettable beauty.

The poetic and political conservatism of Frost caused him to lose favor with some literary critics, but his reputation as a major poet is secure. He unquestionably succeeded in realizing his life's ambition: to write "a few poems it will be hard to get rid of."


Biography by: Biography written by The Academic American Encyclopedia, © 1995 Grolier Electronic Publishing. Compiled and hyperlinked by Gunnar Bengtsson, 2000.


180 Poems written by Robert Frost

The poems are by default sorted according to volume, but you can also choose to sort them alphabetically or by page views.

Volume | Alphabetically | Page Views | Comments | [First Lines]


First LineComments
As told to a child Comments and analysis of The Last Word of a Blue Bird by Robert Frost 300 Comments
As told to a child Comments and analysis of Locked Out by Robert Frost 35 Comments
For Lincoln MacVeagh Comments and analysis of A Star in a Stoneboat by Robert Frost 78 Comments
"Willis, I didn't want you here to-day: Comments and analysis of The Self-Seeker by Robert Frost 70 Comments
"You ought to have seen what I saw on my way Comments and analysis of Blueberries by Robert Frost 3 Comments
(A Christmas Circular Letter) Comments and analysis of Christmas Trees by Robert Frost 641 Comments
(To hear us talk) Comments and analysis of On a Tree Fallen Across the Road by Robert Frost 111 Comments
Afield at dusk Comments and analysis of Waiting by Robert Frost 11 Comments
I let myself in at the kitchen door. Comments and analysis of The Housekeeper by Robert Frost 236 Comments
Inscription for a Garden Wall Comments and analysis of Atmosphere by Robert Frost 3 Comments
To Ridgely Torrence Comments and analysis of A Passing Glimpse by Robert Frost 38 Comments
A dented spider like a snow drop white Comments and analysis of 58 Comments
A governor it was proclaimed this time, Comments and analysis of The Generations of Men by Robert Frost 48 Comments
A house that lacks, seemingly, mistress and master, Comments and analysis of Asking For Roses by Robert Frost 1011 Comments
A lantern light from deeper in the barn Comments and analysis of The Fear by Robert Frost 65 Comments
A NEIGHBOR of mine in the village Comments and analysis of A Girl's Garden by Robert Frost 37 Comments
A plow, they say, to plow the snow. Comments and analysis of Plowmen by Robert Frost 4 Comments
A SATURATED meadow, Comments and analysis of Rose Pogonias by Robert Frost 10 Comments
A stranger came to the door at eve, Comments and analysis of Love and a Question by Robert Frost 145 Comments
A tree's leaves may be ever so good, Comments and analysis of Leaves Compared With Flowers by Robert Frost 21 Comments
A voice said, Look me in the stars Comments and analysis of A Question by Robert Frost 273 Comments
A winter garden in an alder swamp, Comments and analysis of A Winter Eden by Robert Frost 255 Comments
All crying, 'We will go with you, O Wind!' Comments and analysis of Misgiving by Robert Frost 10 Comments
All out of doors looked darkly in at him Comments and analysis of An Old Man's Winter Night by Robert Frost 27 Comments
Always the same, when on a fated night Comments and analysis of The Onset by Robert Frost 17 Comments
As far as I can see this autumn haze Comments and analysis of The Cocoon by Robert Frost 4 Comments
As I came to the edge of the woods, Comments and analysis of Come In by Robert Frost 222 Comments
As I went down the hill along the wall Comments and analysis of Meeting and Passing by Robert Frost 275 Comments
As vain to raise a voice as a sigh
Before man came to blow it right Comments and analysis of The Aim was Song by Robert Frost 13 Comments
Blood has been harder to dam back than water. Comments and analysis of The Flood by Robert Frost 6 Comments
Brown lived at such a lofty farm Comments and analysis of Brown’s Descent by Robert Frost 2 Comments
Builder, in building the little house, Comments and analysis of The Kitchen Chimney by Robert Frost 6 Comments
But outer Space, Comments and analysis of But Outer Space by Robert Frost 264 Comments
By June our brook's run out of song and speed. Comments and analysis of Hyla Brook by Robert Frost 21 Comments
COME with rain. O loud Southwester! Comments and analysis of To the Thawing Wind by Robert Frost 88 Comments
Dust always blowing about the town, Comments and analysis of A Peck of Gold by Robert Frost 99 Comments
Even the bravest that are slain Comments and analysis of The Trial by Existence by Robert Frost 24 Comments
For every parcel I stoop down to seize Comments and analysis of The Armful by Robert Frost 10 Comments
From where I lingered in a lull in march Comments and analysis of Evening in a Sugar Orchard by Robert Frost 2 Comments
Grief may have thought it was grief. Comments and analysis of They Were Welcome To Their Belief by Robert Frost 6 Comments
Having a wheel and four legs of its own Comments and analysis of The Grindstone by Robert Frost 243 Comments
He gave the solid rail a hateful kick. Comments and analysis of The Egg and the Machine by Robert Frost 76 Comments
He halted in the wind, and--what was that
He is said to have been the last Red man Comments and analysis of The Vanishing Red by Robert Frost 75 Comments
He is that fallen lance that lies as hurled, Comments and analysis of The Soldier by Robert Frost 485 Comments
He is that fallen lance that lies as hurled, Comments and analysis of A Soldier by Robert Frost 255 Comments
He saw her from the bottom of the stairs Comments and analysis of Home Burial by Robert Frost 468 Comments
He would declare and could himself believe Comments and analysis of Never Again Would Bird's Song Be The Same by Robert Frost 550 Comments
Her teacher's certainty it must be Mabel Comments and analysis of Maple by Robert Frost 11 Comments
Here come real stars to fill the upper skies, Comments and analysis of Fireflies in the Garden by Robert Frost 35 Comments
Here come the line-gang pioneering by, Comments and analysis of The Line-Gang by Robert Frost 30 Comments
Here further up the mountain slope Comments and analysis of The Birthplace by Robert Frost 6 Comments
How countlessly they congregate Comments and analysis of Stars by Robert Frost 50 Comments
I came an errand one cloud-blowing evening Comments and analysis of The Census-Taker by Robert Frost 6 Comments
I didn't make you know how glad I was Comments and analysis of A Servant to Servants by Robert Frost 23 Comments
I DWELL in a lonely house I know Comments and analysis of Ghost House by Robert Frost 159 Comments
I found a dimpled spider, fat and white, Comments and analysis of Design by Robert Frost 562 Comments
I had for my winter evening walk-- Comments and analysis of Good Hours by Robert Frost 14 Comments
I had withdrawn in forest, and my song Comments and analysis of A Dream Pang by Robert Frost 266 Comments
I have been one acquainted with the night. Comments and analysis of Acquainted With the Night by Robert Frost 395 Comments
I have wished a bird would fly away, Comments and analysis of A Minor Bird by Robert Frost 335 Comments
I LEFT you in the morning, Comments and analysis of Flower-Gathering by Robert Frost 86 Comments
I met a lady from the South who said Comments and analysis of New Hampshire by Robert Frost 47 Comments
I slumbered with your poems on my breast Comments and analysis of To E.T. by Robert Frost 4 Comments
I stay; Comments and analysis of An Empty Threat by Robert Frost 215 Comments
I stayed the night for shelter at a farm Comments and analysis of I.  The Witch of Coös by Robert Frost 51 Comments
I WALKED down alone Sunday after church Comments and analysis of Pea Brush by Robert Frost 67 Comments
I went to turn the grass once after one Comments and analysis of The Tuft of Flowers by Robert Frost 265 Comments
I wonder about the trees. Comments and analysis of The Sound of the Trees by Robert Frost 271 Comments
I'm going out to clean the pasture spring; Comments and analysis of The Pasture by Robert Frost 134 Comments
I've tried the new moon tilted in the air Comments and analysis of The Freedom of the Moon by Robert Frost 59 Comments
I. LONELINESS Comments and analysis of The Hill Wife by Robert Frost 25 Comments
If heaven were to do again, Comments and analysis of The Peaceful Shepherd by Robert Frost 4 Comments
If tired of trees I seek again mankind, Comments and analysis of The Vantage Point by Robert Frost 264 Comments
If, as they say, some dust thrown in my eyes Comments and analysis of Dust in the Eyes by Robert Frost 4 Comments
In going from room to room in the dark, Comments and analysis of The Door in the Dark by Robert Frost 269 Comments
It is blue-butterfly day here in spring, Comments and analysis of Blue-Butterfly Day by Robert Frost 490 Comments
It snowed in spring on earth so dry and warm Comments and analysis of Our Singing Strength by Robert Frost 21 Comments
It was far in the sameness of the wood; Comments and analysis of The Demiurge's Laugh by Robert Frost 28 Comments
It was long I lay Comments and analysis of I Will Sing You One-O by Robert Frost 78 Comments
It went many years, Comments and analysis of The Lockless Door by Robert Frost 856 Comments
I've known ere now an interfering branch Comments and analysis of The Ax-Helve by Robert Frost 102 Comments
Lancaster bore him--such a little town, Comments and analysis of A Hundred Collars by Robert Frost 14 Comments
Love and forgetting might have carried them Comments and analysis of Two Look at Two by Robert Frost 312 Comments
Love at the lips was touch Comments and analysis of To Earthward by Robert Frost 60 Comments
Love has earth to which she clings Comments and analysis of Bond and Free by Robert Frost 66 Comments
LOVERS, forget your love, Comments and analysis of Wind and Window Flower by Robert Frost 53 Comments
Mary sat musing on the lamp-flame at the table Comments and analysis of The Death of the Hired Man by Robert Frost 542 Comments
More than halfway up the pass Comments and analysis of The Times Table by Robert Frost 65 Comments
My long two-pointed ladder's sticking through a tree Comments and analysis of After Apple-Picking by Robert Frost 349 Comments
My Sorrow, when she's here with me, Comments and analysis of My November Guest by Robert Frost 118 Comments
Nature's first green is gold, Comments and analysis of Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost 702 Comments
No ship of all that under sail or steam Comments and analysis of Immigrants by Robert Frost 23 Comments
Not only sands and gravels Comments and analysis of One Step Backward Taken by Robert Frost 224 Comments
Nothing to say to all those marriages! Comments and analysis of Place for a Third by Robert Frost 1 Comment
Now close the windows and hush all the fields: Comments and analysis of Now Close the Windows by Robert Frost 264 Comments
Now that they've got it settled whose I be, Comments and analysis of II.  The Pauper Witch of Grafton by Robert Frost 58 Comments
O hushed October morning mild, Comments and analysis of October by Robert Frost 94 Comments
OH, give us pleasure in the flowers today; Comments and analysis of A Prayer in Spring by Robert Frost 124 Comments
Old Davis owned a solid mica mountain Comments and analysis of A Fountain, a Bottle, a Donkey's Ears, and Some Books by Robert Frost 246 Comments
ONCE on the kind of day called “weather breeder,” Comments and analysis of An Encounter by Robert Frost 262 Comments
Once when the snow of the year was beginning to fall, Comments and analysis of The Runaway by Robert Frost 332 Comments
One of my wishes is that those dark trees, Comments and analysis of Into My Own by Robert Frost 61 Comments
Others taught me with having knelt at well-curbs Comments and analysis of For Once, Then, Something by Robert Frost 297 Comments
Out alone in the winter rain, Comments and analysis of The Thatch by Robert Frost 74 Comments
Out of the mud two strangers came Comments and analysis of Two Tramps In Mud Time by Robert Frost 53 Comments
Out through the fields and the woods Comments and analysis of Reluctance by Robert Frost 11 Comments
Out walking in the frozen swamp one gray day Comments and analysis of The Wood-Pile by Robert Frost 102 Comments
Over back where they speak of life as staying Comments and analysis of The Investment by Robert Frost 246 Comments
Pan came out of the woods one day,-- Comments and analysis of Pan with Us by Robert Frost 6 Comments
Sea waves are green and wet, Comments and analysis of Sand Dunes by Robert Frost 8 Comments
She is as in a field a silken tent Comments and analysis of The Silken Tent by Robert Frost 319 Comments
SHE stood against the kitchen sink, and looked Comments and analysis of In the Home Stretch by Robert Frost 258 Comments
Snow falling and night falling fast, oh, fast Comments and analysis of Desert Places by Robert Frost 171 Comments
Some say the world will end in fire, Comments and analysis of Fire and Ice by Robert Frost 467 Comments
Something inspires the only cow of late Comments and analysis of The Cow In Apple-Time by Robert Frost 286 Comments
Something there is that doesn't love a wall, Comments and analysis of Mending Wall by Robert Frost 244 Comments
Spades take up leaves Comments and analysis of Gathering Leaves by Robert Frost 93 Comments
The battle rent a cobweb diamond-strung Comments and analysis of Range-Finding by Robert Frost 74 Comments
The bear puts both arms around the tree above her Comments and analysis of The Bear by Robert Frost 442 Comments
The buzz-saw snarled and rattled in the yard Comments and analysis of 'Out, Out--' by Robert Frost 579 Comments
The firm house lingers, though averse to square Comments and analysis of A Brook in the City by Robert Frost 5 Comments
The fisherman's swapping a yarn for a yarn Comments and analysis of The Flower Boat by Robert Frost 3 Comments
The great Overdog Comments and analysis of Canis Major by Robert Frost 7 Comments
The heart can think of no devotion Comments and analysis of Devotion by Robert Frost 12 Comments
The house had gone to bring again Comments and analysis of The Need of Being Versed in Country Things by Robert Frost 33 Comments
The line-storm clouds fly tattered and swift. Comments and analysis of A Line-Storm Song by Robert Frost 5 Comments
The living come with grassy tread Comments and analysis of In a Disused Graveyard by Robert Frost 37 Comments
The mountain held the town as in a shadow Comments and analysis of The Mountain by Robert Frost 3 Comments
The old dog barks backwards without getting up. Comments and analysis of The Span Of Life by Robert Frost 16 Comments
The people along the sand Comments and analysis of Neither Out Far Nor In Deep by Robert Frost 250 Comments
The rain to the wind said, Comments and analysis of Lodged by Robert Frost 277 Comments
The rose is a rose, Comments and analysis of The Rose Family by Robert Frost 116 Comments
The same leaves over and over again! Comments and analysis of In Hardwood Groves by Robert Frost 21 Comments
The shattered water made a misty din. Comments and analysis of Once By The Pacific by Robert Frost 316 Comments
The sound of the closing outside door was all. Comments and analysis of The Valley's Singing Day by Robert Frost 13 Comments
The surest thing there is is we are riders, Comments and analysis of Riders by Robert Frost 57 Comments
The three stood listening to a fresh access Comments and analysis of Snow by Robert Frost 3 Comments
The way a crow Comments and analysis of Dust of Snow by Robert Frost 670 Comments
The well was dry beside the door, Comments and analysis of Going for Water by Robert Frost 24 Comments
The west was getting out of gold, Comments and analysis of Looking For a Sunset Bird in Winter by Robert Frost 18 Comments
The witch that came (the withered hag) Comments and analysis of Provide, Provide by Robert Frost 84 Comments
There is a singer everyone has heard, Comments and analysis of The Oven Bird by Robert Frost 67 Comments
There overtook me and drew me in Comments and analysis of The Gum-Gatherer by Robert Frost 8 Comments
There sandy seems the golden sky Comments and analysis of A Cliff Dwelling by Robert Frost 280 Comments
There was never a sound beside the wood but one, Comments and analysis of Mowing by Robert Frost 59 Comments
There were three in the meadow by the brook Comments and analysis of The Code by Robert Frost 257 Comments
There's a place called Far-away Meadow Comments and analysis of The Last Mowing by Robert Frost 3 Comments
There's a patch of old snow in a corner Comments and analysis of A Patch of Old Snow by Robert Frost 12 Comments
These pools that, though in forests, still reflect Comments and analysis of Spring Pools by Robert Frost 278 Comments
They leave us so to the way we took, Comments and analysis of In Neglect by Robert Frost 56 Comments
They sent him back to her. The letter came Comments and analysis of Not To Keep by Robert Frost 1 Comment
Thine emulous fond flowers are dead, too, Comments and analysis of My Butterfly by Robert Frost 7 Comments
This saying good-by on the edge of the dark Comments and analysis of Good-by and Keep Cold by Robert Frost 26 Comments
To drive Paul out of any lumber camp Comments and analysis of Paul's Wife by Robert Frost 4 Comments
To think to know the country and now know Comments and analysis of A Hillside Thaw by Robert Frost 459 Comments
Tree at my window, window tree, Comments and analysis of Tree At My Window by Robert Frost 301 Comments
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, Comments and analysis of The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost 1111 Comments
Was there even a cause too lost, Comments and analysis of Hannibal by Robert Frost 7 Comments
We chanced in passing by that afternoon Comments and analysis of The Black Cottage by Robert Frost 230 Comments
We make ourselves a place apart Comments and analysis of Revelation by Robert Frost 270 Comments
What tree may not the fig be gathered from? Comments and analysis of Wild Grapes by Robert Frost 260 Comments
When a friend calls to me from the road Comments and analysis of A Time to Talk by Robert Frost 81 Comments
When I go up through the mowing field, Comments and analysis of A Late Walk by Robert Frost 286 Comments
When I see birches bend to left and right Comments and analysis of Birches by Robert Frost 140 Comments
When I spread out my hand here today, Comments and analysis of Sitting by a Bush in Broad Sunlight by Robert Frost 273 Comments
When I was young my teachers were the old. Comments and analysis of What Fifty Said by Robert Frost 56 Comments
WHEN I was young, we dwelt in a vale Comments and analysis of In a Vale by Robert Frost 9 Comments
When the spent sun throws up its rays on cloud Comments and analysis of Acceptance by Robert Frost 8 Comments
WHEN the wind works against us in the dark, Comments and analysis of Storm Fear by Robert Frost 94 Comments
Where had I heard this wind before Comments and analysis of Bereft by Robert Frost 28 Comments
Whose woods these are I think I know. Comments and analysis of Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost 1068 Comments
Why make so much of fragmentary blue Comments and analysis of Fragmentary Blue by Robert Frost 252 Comments
You come to fetch me from my work to-night Comments and analysis of Putting in the Seed by Robert Frost 323 Comments
You were forever finding some new play. Comments and analysis of The Exposed Nest by Robert Frost 450 Comments
You'll wait a long, long time for anything much Comments and analysis of On Looking Up By Chance At The Constellations by Robert Frost 18 Comments
'When I was just as far as I could walk Comments and analysis of The Telephone by Robert Frost 277 Comments
`You know Orion always comes up sideways. Comments and analysis of The Star-Splitter by Robert Frost 15 Comments
“OH, let’s go up the hill and scare ourselves, Comments and analysis of The Bonfire by Robert Frost 54 Comments


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