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Analysis and comments on Jehovah buried,Satan dead, by e.e. cummings

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Comment 19 of 309, added on February 11th, 2012 at 6:27 PM.

uMTgPN As I have expected, the writer blurted out..!!

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Comment 18 of 309, added on January 11th, 2011 at 8:39 AM.

I think the line who dares to call himself a man in each end of the stanzas
implies that man was called a man but cannot act as a man or cannot act as
awhat he should be when he was made by God.

Xandy from Philippines
Comment 17 of 309, added on May 12th, 2007 at 8:14 AM.

I see the poem as an attack on the formalities and rules of Christianity.
Cummings starts by saying "Jehovah buried, Satan dead", meaning we must
rely on ourselves for our answers. Without divine guidance people get
afraid and worship any and everything they can ("Much and Quick"). The rest
of the first section is questioning how little power over our lives we
have. Joy and Pain (heaven and hell) hang in hock, waiting to be sold to us
by our religious leaders. With so little control who dares to call himself
a man?

The second section starts with "go dreamless knaves on shadows fed" which
refers to the "fearers" of the previous section who feed their fears with
shadows. They also dull their senses with machines or "gadgets" that
"murder squawk and add" (guns, tvs, and calculators). This leads them to
conform with the "cult of Same". This leads them to hate those who do not
join with them in their cult (turns Jew into kike). Agian how dow these
people call themselves men?

The same people from stanza two are talked about in stanza three by calling
them liars and slaves. They seek truth and freedom but all they aer willing
to do is click their heels and wish. Cummings also brings up the
puritanical views christianity has on the femail form, but at the same time
his choice of the word "Boobs" points out the silliness of it. "when Souls
are outlawed, Hearts are sick," is not a call for more religion in society,
it is a call for less strict spirituality. You have to remember that
Cummings was a Unitarian, which is far less restrictive in how you behave
and worship. To him strict religious rules outlaw personal choice, and make
you deeny who you are in soul, heart and mind. This all leaves you fully
conformed into your religious team, and set to hate other teams ("Hate's a
game"). How love is nothing more than procreation to build up your team.
Back comes the question that mocks this empty, choiceless live. Who dares
to call himself a man?

The final stanza finishes the poem with a satirical stab at the people
described above. He refers Christ as a King, a powerful parent figure who
is supposed to fix all our problems. Unitarians believe in a singular god
instead of the Trinity, and do not believe in the divinity of Jesus. This
makes the King title all the more telling. Also notice that the last line
doesn't have a question mark. This is because it is part of the previous
line and not a question. In the "and waves wich only He may walk" line
Cummings isn't referring to Christ, he is referring to someone who dares to
call himself a man. So the only person able to get over the metaphorical
waves are people who are willing to think for themselves.

Brandon from United States
Comment 16 of 309, added on May 12th, 2007 at 8:07 AM.

There are two different forms of this poems that I have read. The one
already posted (I'll call that p1) and the one I prefer (called p2). The
first difference is that in p2 the the word “hand” is changed to “hang” in
the “if Joy with Pain shall hang in hock” line from the first section. To
me this make more sense and clears up the meaning of the poem. The other
difference is that in p2 the line “their heels for Freedom slaves will
click;” is added after the “loudly for Truth have liars pled,” line. That
added line is why I think p2 is the correct version, because it make the
line count 8, 8, 8, 4 instead of 8, 8, 7, 4.

Brandon Perdue from United States
Comment 15 of 309, added on April 8th, 2007 at 9:27 PM.

He uses all lower cases in this poem. That shows his irreeverence for God.
God with a small g would be the Unitarian god. His dad was a Unitarian
minister. Jesus is not God and our savior in unitarianism. So I'm having
trouble seeing this poem as being in favor of spirituality.

Nathan Thoune from United States
Comment 14 of 309, added on March 11th, 2007 at 6:57 PM.

I think that this poem is saying something about how we are losing our
humanity and we are ruled by money. By the way, to whoever posted last,
WWII wasn't until 1939. 1933 was the Great Depression.

Amanda from United States
Comment 13 of 309, added on April 20th, 2006 at 10:34 AM.

what a lot of you are missing is when this poem was written. cummings wrote
this around 1933 when ww2 was going on. "fearers" is, in a way, refering to
the "führers" of the time, hitler and stallin. "worshiping much and quick"
was EE's way of saying that hitler wanted it all and now. "to kiss the mike
if Jew turn kike" refers to the rise of anti-semitism. "eternity's a 5 year
plan" is refering to stalin's 5 year plan. "hate's a game, Love's a fuck"
may be refering to how soldiers of the SS would be allowed any woman they
wanted. if they got the woman pregnant, then they might be awarded a medal
for spreading the genes of the perfect race.

that's about all i have.

Johnny from United States
Comment 12 of 309, added on March 27th, 2006 at 10:04 PM.

"Jahova" starts with an I...Correct? I'm not religious, I don't go to
church, I don't even beleive in god, but I do like Indiana Jones. ;P

Comment 11 of 309, added on December 15th, 2005 at 12:27 AM.

"But know this, that in the last days critical times hard to deal with will
be here. For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money,
self-assuming, haughty, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful,
disloyal, having no natural affection, not open to any agreement,
slanderers, without self-control,fierce, without love of goodness,
betrayers, headstrong, puffed up with pride, lovers of pleasures reather
than lovers of God ... wicked men and impostors will advance from bad to
worse, misleading and being mislead." 2 Timothy 3:1-4, 13

Indie Lux from Mexico
Comment 10 of 309, added on December 9th, 2005 at 3:55 PM.

I think Cummings is really talking not just about lost religion but about
lost christianity and lost humanity. His point is not about the hypocrisy
of the church; his premise, in fact, is that popular culture has abandoned
God (“Jehovah buried, Satan dead,”). The problem is that without God,
society’s view of man is not what man is created to be. In the last stanza,
the poet calls to Jesus Christ as the only one who can save, the only
perfect human.

Jehovah buried, Satan dead,
(since no one worships God anymore)
do fearers worship Much and Quick;
(people just want more faster)
badness not being felt as bad,
(sin is no longer a problem; it’s just “mistakes”)
itself thinks goodness what is meek;
(as long as things don’t impose on anyone else, they’re considered ok)
obey says toc, submit says tic,
(as time goes on, there’s more and more pressure to conform)
Eternity's a Five Year Plan:
(no one thinks long-term)
if Joy with Pain shall hand in hock
(if temporary happiness always brings pain in society)
who dares to call himself a man?
(no one is really human anymore, as humans are supposed to be)

go dreamless knaves on Shadows fed,
(sin is everywhere; we feed on it)
your Harry's Tom,your Tom is Dick;
(everyone is the same)
while Gadgets murder squack and add,
(machines do everything for us now)
the cult of Same is all the chic;
(everyone is supposed to conform)
by instruments, both span and spic,
are justly measured Spic and Span:
(our machines are the only brains we have left)
to kiss the mike if Jew turn kike
who dares to call himself a man?
(everyone is afraid to be individual)

loudly for Truth have liars pled,click;
(everybody wants the truth, but nobody has it)
where Boobs are holy, poets mad,
(foolishness is revered, thinkers are disregarded)
illustrious punks of Progress shriek;
(everyone thinks that only new ideas have value)
when Souls are outlawed, Hearts are sick,
(if no one is supposed to go to God, people are still spiritually lost)
Hearts being sick, Minds nothing can:
(when our spirits aren’t working, we are blind to reality)
if Hate's a game and Love's a fuck
(we have become flippant about the most serious things)
who dares to call himself a man?
(we’re afraid to be who we’re made to be)

King Christ, this world is all aleak;
(calling to Jesus, the world needs help)
and lifepreservers there are none:
(and no one can save themselves)
and waves which only He may walk
(He, however, can save everyone and doesn’t need saving; He’s the Son of
Who dares to call Himself a man.
(He was the uncorrupted man, He wasn’t afraid to go against the grain, and
most of all, He was willing to become a man even though He is God)

In essence, this poem laments the fall of the world and prays for Christ’s


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Information about Jehovah buried,Satan dead,

Poet: e.e. cummings
Poem: Jehovah buried,Satan dead,
Added: Jan 31 2004
Viewed: 24245 times

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