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Biography of Paul Laurence Dunbar

Paul Laurence Dunbar

Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872 - 1906)

Paul Laurence Dunbar (June 27, 1872 - February 9, 1906) was a seminal African-American poet in the late 19th and early 20th century. Dunbar gained national recognition for his 1896 Lyrics of a Lowly Life. Born in Dayton, Ohio to parents who had escaped from slavery, Dunbar died from tuberculosis at 34.

Dunbar's father was a veteran of the American Civil War, having served in the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment and the 5th Massachusetts Colored Cavalry Regiment. His parents instilled in him a love of learning and history. He was the only black student at Dayton Central High School, but he participated actively as a student. He wrote his first poem at age 6 and gave his first public recital at age 9. Dunbar's first published work came in a newspaper put out by his high-school friends, Wilbur and Orville Wright, who owned a printing plant. The Wright Brothers later invested in the Dayton Tattler, a newspaper aimed at the black community edited and published by Dunbar.

His first collection of poetry, Oak and Ivy was published in 1892 and attracted the attention of James Whitcomb Riley, the popular "Hoosier Poet". Both Riley and Dunbar wrote poems in both standard English and dialect. His second book, Majors and Minors (1895) brought him national fame and the patronage of William Dean Howells, the novelist and critic and editor of Harper's Weekly. After Howells' praise, his first two books were combined as Lyrics of a Lowly Life and Dunbar started on a career of international literary fame that was cut short by his death.

He kept a lifelong friendship with the Wrights, and was also closely associated with Frederick Douglass and Booker T. Washington. He was honored with a ceremonial sword by President Theodore Roosevelt.

He wrote a dozen books of poetry, four books of short stories, and five novels and a play. His essays and poems were published widely in the leading journals of the day. During his life, considerable emphasis was laid on the fact that Dunbar was of pure black descent, with no white ancestors.


Biography by: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License and uses material adapted in whole or in part from the Wikipedia article on Paul Laurence Dunbar.


38 Poems written by Paul Laurence Dunbar

The poems are by default sorted according to volume, but you can also choose to sort them alphabetically or by page views.

Volume | Alphabetically | [Page Views] | Comments | First Lines


Page ViewsPoemComments
30599 Sympathy Comments and analysis of Sympathy by Paul Laurence Dunbar 157 Comments
13776 Life's Tragedy Comments and analysis of Life's Tragedy by Paul Laurence Dunbar 3 Comments
8925 The Debt Comments and analysis of The Debt by Paul Laurence Dunbar 3 Comments
8362 The Lawyers' Ways Comments and analysis of The Lawyers' Ways by Paul Laurence Dunbar 3 Comments
8223 A Negro Love Song Comments and analysis of A Negro Love Song by Paul Laurence Dunbar 5 Comments
7928 A Golden Day Comments and analysis of A Golden Day by Paul Laurence Dunbar 236 Comments
7876 A Choice
7501 Ships that Pass in the Night Comments and analysis of Ships that Pass in the Night by Paul Laurence Dunbar 1 Comment
7499 Frederick Douglass Comments and analysis of Frederick Douglass by Paul Laurence Dunbar 2 Comments
5611 Encouragement Comments and analysis of Encouragement by Paul Laurence Dunbar 1 Comment
4882 Morning Comments and analysis of Morning by Paul Laurence Dunbar 27 Comments
4710 Theology Comments and analysis of Theology by Paul Laurence Dunbar 2 Comments
4457 Accountability Comments and analysis of Accountability by Paul Laurence Dunbar 1 Comment
4403 If I Could But Forget Comments and analysis of If I Could But Forget by Paul Laurence Dunbar 10 Comments
4286 The Haunted Oak Comments and analysis of The Haunted Oak by Paul Laurence Dunbar 54 Comments
4278 Douglass
4036 To Dan
3988 Common Things
3931 The Unlucky Apple Comments and analysis of The Unlucky Apple by Paul Laurence Dunbar 1 Comment
3673 Summer in the South
3489 Signs of the Times
3481 My Little March Girl
3198 At the Tavern
3073 Howdy, Honey, Howdy
2898 Old Comments and analysis of Old by Paul Laurence Dunbar 3 Comments
2896 The Barrier
2777 Merry Autumn
2602 The Old Front Gate
950 When Malindy Sings Comments and analysis of When Malindy Sings by Paul Laurence Dunbar 73 Comments
773 Little Brown Baby Comments and analysis of Little Brown Baby by Paul Laurence Dunbar 52 Comments
647 We Wear the Mask Comments and analysis of We Wear the Mask by Paul Laurence Dunbar 265 Comments
628 Encouraged Comments and analysis of Encouraged by Paul Laurence Dunbar 29 Comments
530 When de Co'n Pone's Hot Comments and analysis of When de Co'n Pone's Hot by Paul Laurence Dunbar 46 Comments
378 Song
376 Confirmation
284 The Paradox Comments and analysis of The Paradox by Paul Laurence Dunbar 5 Comments
99 Distinction Comments and analysis of Distinction by Paul Laurence Dunbar 2 Comments
65 The Made to Order Smile Comments and analysis of The Made to Order Smile by Paul Laurence Dunbar 1 Comment


Books by Paul Laurence Dunbar
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