James A. Emanuel (1921 - Present)
James A. Emanuel was born in 1921 in Alliance, Nebraska. His books include Jazz from the Haiku King (1999), Whole Grain: Collected Poems, 1958–1989 (1990), The Broken Bowl: New and Uncollected Poems (1983), Black Man Abroad: The Toulouse Poems (1978), and At Bay (1969). He is also the author of Langston Hughes (1967) and the editor, with Theodore L. Gross, of Dark Symphony: Negro Literature in America (1968). An expatriate African-American, Emanuel lives in Paris.